P361 ORACLE 361 Mon26 Apr ITV 1901:05 NEWS 1/5 NEWS NEWS 21st April 1981;WHAT gE THOUGHT OR SAID WE THOUGHT How unpopular was Thatcher in 1981? Did people think that reducing unemployment was the most important issue?(They did) How many believe in ghosts and how many have seen one? All these and many more questions about our views are answered in"The Gallup Re port"(Sphere Books £2.25). Though best known for political opinion polls,they have checked if we want to help the han dicapped,tested our simple arithmetic, asked our views on social workers, and on the churches, found 21% believe in the Devil and 73% in God. Are they ac- curate? The book includes a table of the election record 1945-79. The error is generally less than 2%.P361 ORACLE 361 Mon26 Apr ITV 1903:04 NEWS 2/5 NEWS NEWS 21st April SENDING GAS ASHORE BY "SHUTTLE SERVICE" A novel project for getting gas ashore from smaller gasfields has been checked for safety by Lloyd's Register. The gas will be refrigerated to liquefied na- tural gas (LNG) on a ship at the field then transferred to "shuttle tankers" & carried ashore. Present LNG tankers take LNG only from ashore and carry it at -160 C at atmos- pheric pressure. The shuttles will have it at 4 atmospheres & only -130 C econ- omising in energy for refrigeration,but needing a stronger tank. On balance,the result saves 1/3 the transport cost.LNG ship designers have co-operated with process engineers and ship operators to sponsor this project.P361 ORACLE 361 Mon26 Apr ITV 1900:02 NEWS 3/1 NEWS NEWS 21st April MUTATION BREEDING IMP OVESAPPLETREES UK researchers are producing improved apple trees by irradiating budwood with gamma rays and screening for stable mu- tants (changed forms). This can give better clones in 5 years instead of up to 15 needed in conventional breeding programmes. They are aiming for *more compact trees *late flowering to avoid frost damage *improved self-fertility * later ripen- ing to improve storage * redder fruit that pleases buyers. Commercial trials are now being made on compact Bramley's Seeding trees, redder Queen Cox, self- fertile Cox needing no pollinator trees Other varieties have shown better stor- age, better resistance to bruisingP361 ORACLE 361 Mon26 Apr ITV 1902:04 NEWS 5/5 NEWS NEWS 21st April MEDICAL SERVICES IN NUCLEAR WAR Medical working groups of International Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War concluded that the havoc from pro- bable scale of war in Europe would over whelm medical services (The Lancet). A European'exchange'would probably kill 170 million, infure 150m out of a total of 670m. Thgre would be 1000 seriously infured patients/uninfured physician, most central hospitals destroyed, most stores of drugs and blood transfusion centres destroyed. Drugs for relieving pain would soon be exhausted. There would be pressure on doctors to provide euthanasia. Trauma from horror of the scenes would impair the capacity of surviving medics to help the injured.P361 ORACLE 361 Mon26 Apr ITV 1900:04 NEWS 4/5 NEWS NEWS 21st April BIOTECH YIELDS ESSENTIAL ANIMAL FODDER A new 'bioreactor' developed in Germany yields the special L-form of aminoacids especially suited for adding to feeding corn for animals to provide the optimum composition for them. Mixed L and D-forms are chemically pro- duced; then enzymes (biocatalysts) are introduced that select only the L-form. To separate out the L-form, a membrane is used that holds back the enzyme, al- lowing the desired aminoacids to pass through. The research plant produces 60 t/year. Worldwide 400,000 t/year are used. Studies are now in progress both to scale this up to full production & to apply the principle to making other biological products.