P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:08/51 |B220121B|a17MakHs08|i14Text|m10BBC EDUC ATION|s—92÷e÷b TELEVISION AUTUMN |s—:4#### ## MAKINGHI STORY: LOCAL STUDIES # # ABBC equest of the School Broadcasting C l for the United Kingdom. Age 11-14. B BC2 Tuesday 11.35-11.55am N r. Repeated Thursday 11.00-11.20am from 3 November SPJS ard ## I s, local history, or (in an inter-discip linary curriculum),  ecome increasingly popular. The Souther n, Midland, MEALEA ian Boards all offer LOCAL HISTORY modul es at GCSEM preparation in the skills needed will be LS These programmes may therefore be  to advantage by those attempting GCSE. This unit suggests examples of topics su itable for study, and shows some  historical skills developed in studying
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:10/08 |B220221B|a17MakHs08|m346Epics chosen sh ould be of broad relevance anywhere in t he|s—92÷e÷b  period studied may not. The methods of s tudy  evant to the ability of his or her  , not according to any broad theory rela ted to age. The access to  outside the classroom varied, depending on the constraints  nsport and ease of accessN Fieldwork wa s emphasised by E s in other disciplines often helped, eg art, W , local events were related to a nationa l  LOCALHISTORYB arry Williamson, Head of History, Brisli ngton S T l growth of interest in local history in recent OS West has 35 local history societiesN Mo re  history in the curriculum, not just  means of illustrating national events b
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:11/28 |B220321B|a17MakHs08|m3842 Local history came into examination syllabuses with t he Schools|s—92÷e÷b CHP ect. The new GCSE, with its emphasis on coursework,  interest. Can the Record Offices, Libr aries  L egins with the asking of questions,  wanting to know the answer to certain t hings. It just happens that  history the questions are easier to ask and often seem more L ry demands participation by pupils, it f orces them to  learn it or listen to it or memorize it . One  ties for local history in his school,  mplained that they could not include it because there were no castles or  ields or ruins nearby. He had misunders tood the new conception of  N It is basically a study of the past o f the local community 
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:11/47 |B220421B|a17MakHs08|m3C11ed a part.|s—9 2÷e÷b  - 1 - T development however new, or any settleme nt  t of a distinct community. That  be the basis of study. "What was it lik e to live in this community  o?" is a good beginning. Obviously som e schools may be more  ers. A school in a village where the lo cal Squires  tate papers over many centuries may be m ore  at was once wasteland, but every  can use its local maps, census books, ch urch records and oral  T re various dangers in studying local his tory which the pessimists  n against. It must not become "a long, meaningless  ces." Classroom antiquarianism is the g reat O ng of exercise books with notes on Pitt
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:19/00 |B220521B|a17MakHs08|m3FE8never carried that risk!) Local|s—92÷e÷b  end with some real history, some explan ations and answers,  ining hundreds of unrelated facts. It i s vital to  eed answers. W vantages of local history? F is real. It deals with the community ar ound the school or  w. The evidence is still there of much that our  andscape, to build their houses, to earn  eed. The spatial barrier to  understanding has gone even though the c hronological gap  S is relevant. It deals with the daily li ves of people who  as we today, who lived in the buildings we pass and  ch. As they changed their communities f or I is not difficult to become involved 
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:19/35 |B220621B|a17MakHs08|m413BDit is partici patory. The materials for local history do not come|s—92÷e÷b  must be collected by teachers and pupils from libraries,  urveys and local people. They form a gr eat heap of T s done when the pupils begin to investig ate,  ssess reliability and form hypotheses. R eal thinking and discussion takes place more often in local history  in any others because pupils are really involved with the  eirs as nothing in a textbook can ever b e. N local history should be the only diet. I t simply makes the need for national his tory more relevant and lays the  on for a leisure interest in later life. As 13 year old Rachel  to a questionnaire: "... the best part i s not being told  pened but having the chance to find out
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:20/55 |B220721B|a17MakHs08|m4178B own fudgemen ts."|s—92÷e÷b  - 2 - #### ## CHURCHANDCOMMUNITY 1 5, 17 November ## PO GRAMME AIMS: to show how exploration of the site, lay-out, and  church can provide valuable clues to it s age; how  and monuments can provide clues to lives of  d the inter-relationship of church and ommunity; and to encourage the weighing of evidence, and an empathetic  ding of the lives of long ago people. B EFORE THE P2OGRAMME the teacher might as k questions such as: C the number of places of worship in thei r area? WH any of them changed function? W this tell us about the recent history o f the community? C scribe the form and function of their pl
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:20/17 |B220821B|a17MakHs08|m41BD2buildings in the area?|s—92÷e÷b I rch nearby? I d, or very old? How does the class know ? D rch and its buildings are used for  from religious services? C of any ways in which that church provid es help to the  r and child' days, raising money for var ious  omeless and so on? THEPOGRAMME S ents from Richmond School in Yorkshire w ill try to determine the age  church; by following up clues provided b y church monuments they  something about the people behind the m onuments. Skills  photography, sketching, architectural an d armorial  ocumentation. The presenter will explai n how  middle ages, and point out the evidence for pre- and post-Reformation use. AFTE
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:20/33 |B220921B|a17MakHs08|m41FA8ail what is m eant by 'the Reformation'.|s—92÷e÷b S the class the plan on page 14 of the pr inted notes, and re-capitulate  rent uses and ages of the various parts. W e church? W , and screen used for in pre-Reformation   n tell stories from the Bible? W he pulpit, lectern, and pews come in aft er the Reformation? What  us about changes in church practice? H s the class learnt anything about the ro le of the church as the centre  munity?  - 3 - BACKGOUNDINFORMAT ION T e of any community frequently revolves round the place of worship of its member s: whether it be a parish church,  nformist chapel, synagogue, mosque, Sikh or Hindu temple, or any E areas which have a low attendance at re
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:00/00 |B220A21B|a17MakHs08|m42387in still atte nd a place of worship to mark significan t|s—92÷e÷b  ularly marriage; and the role of the par ish  e for social events from fetes, to  guide groups, to concerts, to jumble sal es attests that the parish  has an integral role in the community. In earlier times of  tory to attend the services of the Estab lished Church  formally responsible for carrying out ma ny  n particular in its responsibilities  the poor of its parish. The parish is s till a qnit of local  the smallest, and the structure has chan ged. In  ollowed can alone explain much about the  in the Welsh valleys, a Seventh Day A ntist Church in London, an Anglican chur ch converted into a temple, 
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:01/00 |B220B21B|a17MakHs08|m42754 area A stu dy of thd|s—92÷e÷b  tecture, alterations to it, memorials, a nd records  reveal much about the life of the commu nity, C sequently, these sources provide useful tools for the local historian. H in most places the oldest surviving bui lding will be the parish  re c 15,000 in England and Wales) and in many places it  if not the largest building For these reasons  to discover something about his localit y  advised to consider the evidence  ed by the parish church and its records. THESITEANDSURROUNDINGSW e church built where it is? In some  ces there is evidence for MINISTERS: ori ginally missionary centres,  ed the establishment of parishes. The e vidence is found in 
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Not 20:02/10 |B220D21B|a17MakHs08|m42EF3hurch may sup ply other clues, for example, almshouses ,|s—92÷e÷b  acent to the church which may have origi nated NT use was the place where the church ales were brewed and served to raise molDy to support the church, and where  therings were held.) THESTRUCTURET e church should be viewed outside and in side, in  its structure. The structure can tell q s a D erent materials used in the fabric can elp to establish the sequence of buildin g. Evidence of the re-used in  - 4 -  rial can sometimes provide clues about e arlier worship, for example  f St Andrew, at Middleton, North Yorkshi re has 'Viking' S axon tower; the church of St Anne at Cat terick  lier church on the same site. Many earl
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:02/11 |B220E21B|a17MakHs08|m432C7d buildings, consisting of a chancel and|s—92÷e÷b  ave. Later, the church may have been en larged by the addition of North S h Aisles, as at St Mary's, Hornby; somet imes a transept was put SP er and Paul, Pickering; and often a towe r may have been  - for example, the spire of St B—lds, th e parish LL as built by the parishioners in 1505 and P ds of intensive work on the parish  h often coincide with periods of wealth and prosperity; conversely,  lt to building may signal a time of econ omic depression. The  chapels, enlarged chancels, side altars and western  the increasingly elaborate rituals of t he MA access for processions at high  n the church calendar, and the growing n umbdr of priests and L
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:00/10 |B220F21B|a17MakHs08|m43693tries where |s—92÷e÷b  . In about the same period, many church es F rocessions met at the porch, part of  marriage service was conducted there, a nd many business bargains were  its shelter. B or patron was responsible for maintainin g or  tion, the navd; the church of Yaldon in Avon with its huge nave and small chance l shows the relative enthusiasm of  ongregation and the church's patron, a p rdbendary of Wells Cathedral! H ealthy individuals often bore the entire cost of adornment or O of the best known examples is that of La venham in S er, Thomas Springe III, and the Earl of Oxford paid for a new tower on which bot h had their devices carved. Thd  l of the Reformation effectively put an end to church building for 
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:00/00 |B221021B|a17MakHs08|m43A62uild private houses,|s—92÷e÷b T y exceptions, but it is not until the ei ghteenth  dditions became frequent again, when the  m The Victorian period saw a wave  restoration' sweeping the country, partl y because many ancient  ered neglect, and partly because of a Vi ctorian desire to  f Gothic building It also saw the buil ding of many  and settlement patterns altered. The ifferent architectural styles reflect th e bitter disputes within the  Church over religious belief and practi ce at that time. The  has seen the building of churches in a m anner felt  eeds, often with an emphasis on communit y G r St George. DETAILS can also reveal much about belief: the
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:00/04 |B221121B|a17MakHs08|m43E32s), or a pisc ina (drain), a stairway which|s—92÷e÷b nce led to a rood-screen dividiLg chance l from nave, and a holy water  Roman Catholic survivals: dal—fdd statua ry and white-washed  ften the contribution of zealous reforme rs. From the R s and galleries began to be added Elab orate  the class-division often rife within  e community; pulpits with large sounding boards testify to the  mons during the eighteenth century Xqvlp its in general  on: catholic priests addressed their con gregation  presence of a nineteenth century organ s hows  A een eye will also distinguish between  rly church glass and the stained glass o f later periods. Tombs and  - 5 -  ls can provide much testimony about the
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:01/03 |B221221B|a17MakHs08|m44205tury those wh o could afford it were usually buried in sidd|s—92÷e÷b  neath it, but from the seventeenth centu ry the  hem by erecting ldmorials inside the  rch. Outside, in the grave-yard, class distinction often persists even  : many churches have one plot for the ri ch, and another for the  hile the inscriptions and carving on hea d-stones are a  ves Recently groups such as the WI hav e begun  ve-yards, and the Corinium Museum in C encester recently mounted a display of s ome of their findings. The  tion is now deposited in Gloucestershire Record Office. CHURCHRECORDSF the thirteenth century the BISHOPS' REGI STERS for T detail with the patronage of benefices, the  monastic houses, thd institution and 
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:04/02 |B221321B|a17MakHs08|m445D4 church fabri c, tithes, other|s—92÷e÷b  ome, and so on Incidentally, they ofte n contain usdful  life, for example, recreation, plays, s ports, or T that they are in Latin! During episcop al  equired to report on the church's  es. The CHURCHWARDENS' ACCOUNTS may con tain much information about  hich the parish raised money for buildin g work or church T source of income was the 'church aleg. By the later Middle Ages many parishes h ad church houses specially built  e this event. After the reformation, Ov erseers of the Poor were  e that money collected for the needy of their parish was T hwardens' accounts often list who the ne edy were,  id towards their support, as well as the OT
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:04/00 |B221421B|a17MakHs08|m449A3y the settlem ent laws may also appear. The close lin k between the church|s—92÷e÷b  cular administration of the parish may a lso be demonstrated  o the churchwardens' responsiblity for f ire-fighting,  , schools (often held in the church), th e use of  ourts, prison or market, paxlent to  -ringers on celebratory occasions, to th e collectors of vermin, and to  causes they thought deserving of charit y. U CHURCH COURTS retained the right to  e the spiritual life of the parishioners . Witnesses in cases before  s had their testimony recorded in Englis h, and often in their A example is that of the parish of Hessle , near Hull. ST gramme 'Making History: The Tudors: The Vicars H N arish magazines, registers of services,
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:04/00 |B221521B|a17MakHs08|m44D73urch attendan ce, diocesan handbooks, and clerical|s—9 2÷e÷b  mation about religious develo—ldnt,  ding restoration, Sunday schools, and ch urch societies. Records of  iages and deaths, in conjunction with gr ave-yard surveys, lend  h demographic work (If the parish regi ster is damaged  may contain the bishops' transcripts: f rom F es are on printed forms in a separate  ok. Baptisms and burials after 1813 are on standard forms.) Many  uced plans or drawings of the building p rior to restoration,  seating was altered, fonts repositioned, and memorials L ographs were often taken during the cour se of F ery few churches which cannot boast a  blished history of some sort, which may provide a starting point for 
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:04/00 |B221621B|a17MakHs08|m45146search Some times these do little more than catalogu e architectural|s—92÷e÷b  ing much about the richness of parish li fe which might I me areas, schools are co-operating with the local  ation contained in church guides: a fina l  f church and community. RECOMMENDEDBO OKS AND SOURCES TA English Church: Study of Historic Church es and CGRODWELLB 1981. TEMPC ch, G H COOK, Phoenix House 1954. TP arish Churches of Mediaeval England, C P LATT, Secker and Warburg  B in England to 0440, L F SALTZMAN, Oxfor d University Press 1967. TEP rish Church and the Local Community, J H BETTEY, Historical A E nglish Churchyard Memorials, F BU2GESS, Lutterworth Press 1963. HRG rave-yards, J JONES, Council for British
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:04/00 |B221721B|a17MakHs08|m45520of Church Bui ldings, J G DAVIES, SCM Press 1968.|s—92 ÷e÷b EMMP A CA GERSMITHOUP  ESPG s, C WOODFORDE, Clarendon Press 1954. E nglish Church Monpldnts, 1150-1150, F H CROSSLEY, Batsford 1921. EC Monuments, 1510-1840, K ESDAILE, Batsfo rd 1946. ALMB f the British Isles, M STEPHENSON, Headl ey B IE tical Records, J S PURVIS, St Anthony's Press  TRE hed Church of England: Excluding Paroch ial RDMO DN, British Records A ssociation 1970 (useful introductory  des to diocesan court records). AI oduction to English Historical Demograph y, E A WRIGLEY, Weidenfeld N 1966. NIPR rs, Society of Genealogists. This is in  wards. LRN
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:05/03 |B221821B|a17MakHs08|m458FBciety|s—92÷e÷ b A hives of non-established churches). B ldings of England, a series edited by N PEVSNER for Penguin.  - 7 - F tion about church charities see the Abst ract of Returns  he Report of the Commissioners concernin g CEWC mons Sessional Papers, 1819-1837. B ps' Returns concerning the state of the dioceses in 1563 are in the B MHARLEIAN MS; copies of Bishop Crompton's Return of 1676 concerning the MS h are held in the William Salt Library, Stafford. D d churchyard are often found in Terriers -  a church. These may be held by the  ish or in the diocesan registry. FORA MAP OF THE CATTERICK CHURCH SEE THE PRIN TED TEACHER'S NOTES. RECOMMENDEDGENE RAL READING VICTORIACOUNTYHISTORY G
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:06/00 |B221A21B|a17MakHs08|m460B4E WORKHOUSE, and THE PRISON. The series is intended to show|s—92÷e÷b  uments that may be qsed to study a parti cular site. FOOTPRINTSDISCOVERINGLOC AL HISTORY, main author: R Whiting, publ ished ST ds. The four initial titles will be: CH URCHES, THE COUNTRYSIDE, INDUSTRY and TO WN DEVELOPMENT. Some of the  s includdd in this series will focus on research conducted by  participated in the LOCAL STUDIES telev ision series. S MIDLANDS Schools History Project examina tion l—x MAKINGHISTORYTHEM IDDLE AGES relevant to codes 1605 or 9. All schools attempting the SHP: study in depth on Elizabethan England  d MAKING HISTORY: THE TUDORS of real val ue. #### ##  - 8 - MAKINGHISTORYT contains only BBC copyright LOCALSTUDI
P7d2 CEEFAX 7D2 Tue 15 Nov 20:00/00 |B221B21B|a17MakHs08|m464B9ay be copied or reproduced|s—92÷e÷b  in schools and colleges without fu rther permission.  Printed and published at the request o f the School B dcasting Council for the United Kingdom by BBCB ivision of BBC Enterprises,  Woodlands, 80 Wood Lane, Lond on W12 0TT. F t published 1986  c) BBC Enterprises 1987 AUTUMN ISBN 0 563 340460 #### ##  - 9 - 