P7d1 CEEFAX 7D1 Tue 15 Nov 20:00/12 |B2201209|a17Scene08|i14Text|m10|s—92÷e÷ b SCENE AUTUMN T 11.40am - 12.10pm 17 November RF y 12.55-1.25pm 18 November SP ucer: Roger Tonge #### ## YOUNGVIETNAM ## T Vietnam War, Vietnam today is not an  sy place to grow up in. Yet surprisingl y, teenagers in Vietnam both  outh are keen to play their part in rebu ilding the shattered B would like more Western goods in the sho ps! ## BACKGROUND T gether with Laos and Cambodia, Vietnam b ecame a French possession in the  nth century. In the Second World War th e Japanese occupied the  Viet Minh Nationalists under Ho Chi Minh 's leadership (who  gitating against the French in the 1930' s), rebelled JI 944 and 1945 they received American Gove rnment BW
P7d1 CEEFAX 7D1 Tue 15 Nov 20:11/00 |B2202209|a17Scene08|m3478their|s—92÷e÷b BA assistance. This started the FI do-China War', in the course of which th e French suffered a major  Viet Minh at Dien Bien Phu. I International Peace Conference at Geneva divided the country  allel, just north of Hue, and without th e participation V lves it was decided that the country wou ld become NV where Ho Chi Minh's party had had an  rwhelming election victory), and South V ietnam, where a pro-western G s installed, but no elections held. As this and successive G , the Americans moved in 'to support the ir ally' and CN They were challenged by the Viet Cong, upported by North Vietnam (and by the Ru ssians and the Chinese). I f war that followed (the 'Second Indo-Ch ina War') much of 
P7d1 CEEFAX 7D1 Tue 15 Nov 20:00/00 |B2203209|a17Scene08|m3849se people|s—92 ÷e÷b  ans. When the Americans finally  w, they had suffered more than 200,000 c asualties, of which over A rican troops killed.  - 1 - T Vietnam was immense. Heavy bombing in N orth Vietnam and in SV iant B-52 bombers (so called 'Carpet Bom bing') had  each about 30 feet across throughout th e  s were used in the war; 142 lbs for  y acre of the entire country, 548 lbs fo r every personN Many bombs  ailed to explode; they were still there hidden in fields and  and in canals. O building had been flattened, animals and people  yed fields and canals ruinedN Millions of  ir homes villages in the countryside 
P7d1 CEEFAX 7D1 Tue 15 Nov 20:13/00 |B2204209|a17Scene08|m3C1Fs in and aroun d the cities; Saigon,|s—92÷e÷b  f South Vietnam had swelled from 2 milli on to over 6 million by  TN nal Liberation Front as the Viet Minh ca lled themselves in the  a bombed site. Much of the north was in a similar state. C the notorious Pol Pot regime who took o ver in K n yet another war, and after Pol Pot was V taining the new regime in K B t the American Government, (with the sup port of the other Western G cluding the British Government) have sto pped all trade and  g diplomatic pressure against the Commun ist VT war-damaged country is still very poor nd has been forced to reconstruct and ma ke good the war damage with  its own resources. TG s Communist, but to many Vietnamese what
P7d1 CEEFAX 7D1 Tue 15 Nov 20:11/00 |B2205209|a17Scene08|m3FF3tnamese; their own people. However, the|s—92÷e÷b C snists have not been popular with everyo ne as they have tried to  omineering style of Government, until re cently not allowing  ut ordering everyone to work collectivel y, and in GI me ways this has worked well and the gen eral  eded without this, but it has resulted n shortages of both food and consumer go ods, and changes are now taking  Much of the basic infra-structure is now repaired: the railway once again  rom Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh City, the main roads are now all open, the  bridges repaired, and in the last few y ears modern building  me available to ordinary people. But th ere are few  what we might call essentials; the stree ts of HCMC ounds of cars but of bicycles. Life 
P7d1 CEEFAX 7D1 Tue 15 Nov 20:11/14 |B2206209|a17Scene08|m413C3ompletely gre y; and one thing is|s—92÷e÷b  e are very definite improvements every y ear as many of the  war are gradually overcome. S s will take longer for recovery to be co mplete. Around 6 V ple are thought to have dangerously high levels of  dies - a deadly inheritance from the Ame rican  rge areas of the country with a highly oncentrated weedkiller, Agent Orange. D eformed babies are still being  other tragic complications of pregnancy are common. But with  on being under 15, the thousands of heal thy children are  t is for them that many Vietnamese are s till HC Minh told them that real independence ight take at least two generations, and many Vietnamese seem to be  that. 
P7d1 CEEFAX 7D1 Tue 15 Nov 20:20/01 |B2207209|a17Scene08|m4179Au are Vietnam ese and that you grew up during the war. Your|s—92÷e÷b  together with your mother and your 4 br others and  in the country. All you can remember i s the  , two sisters and two brother being  ed and you all having to move to the the town. As a teenager today you  o go back to where you lived to see if y ou can live there again. W ere with your older brother and your sis ters you find that  n, there are massive craters, and part o f your land  syaing 'DANGER: unexploded bombsg What do I ng would it take to get the farm back  the condition it was in before? D ring the War your family split; your unc les fought with the Viet C nts with the Americans. In other words your uncle's side Y
P7d1 CEEFAX 7D1 Tue 15 Nov 20:22/05 |B2208209|a17Scene08|m41B68; a man comes |s—92÷e÷b  mily's gold he will arrange a boat for y ou A l be much better off. Do you stay to  ild up the country or do you leave?  If you do go to America, what will you say there about your uncles and  haven't come with you? IT s get married at 27 as she says and then have just two  and disadvantages will she have over he r mother's TSS rity in Vietnam, so what do you think ha ppens  C with wood instead of gas or electricity doesn't sound much W isadvantages, to the family and to the c ountry? But  s as well? T omes from the same village as your famil y, has W verely deformed, and is blind from birth . T
P7d1 CEEFAX 7D1 Tue 15 Nov 20:20/13 |B2209209|a17Scene08|m41F3Clike this bec ause of something that was sprayed on th e crops during the|s—92÷e÷b WY re hoping to get married to someone who is also from your own  ould like to have children. What do you do? FORMAPPLEASEREFERTOPRINTEDTE ACHER'S NOTES #### ## T t material on pages 7 and 30 which may ot be reproduced without the permission of the rights holders. All other  may be copied or reproduced in schools a nd colleges without further  BBCELIS BN 0 563 34277 3 P st of the Educational Broadcasting Counc il for the UKBBCP tions, a division of BBC Enterprises Ltd ., WWLLW TT. ##  - 3 - 