P7de CEEFAX 7DE Wed 2 Mar 21:00/10 |B2201203|a17Issues7|i14TEXT|m10÷e÷e÷e÷e ISSUES÷e÷e÷e3, 7 MARCH÷e÷e÷eSOUTH AFRICA ÷e÷e÷e÷eFollowing the latest curbs on bl ack opposition by the South African÷egov ernmfnt and the arrest of the Archbishop of Johannesburg, Desmond Tutu,÷e'Issufs ' this week looks at the background to t he South African crisis.÷e÷eOut of a pop ulation of about 32 million people, near ly three-quarters of÷ethem, 23 million a re black, 3 million are of mixed race, 1 million of÷emainly Indian origin and 5 million whites.÷e÷eParliament was an exc lusively white preserve sntil 1984 whfn a three÷echamber parliament was introduc ed - one for whites, one for coloureds÷e (mixed race) and one for Indians, but si gnificantly none for blacks who÷estill r emain even without a vote.÷e÷eThe progra mme begins by looking at part of a docum entary made 30 yfars ago÷eto sfe what bl ack living conditions and white attitude s were like then.÷eLater in the prog|c
P7de CEEFAX 7DE Wed 2 Mar 21:00/00 |B2202203|a17Issues7|i14TEXT|m3357ramme we compare the situation now and find li ttle of÷esubstance has changed.÷e÷eThere is not room within the programme to go too ddeply into the history÷eof South Af rica but mention is made of the origins of the Afrikaner÷espeaking whites who or iginated from Holland and the English sp eakers of÷emainly British originN ghen the white settlers first arrived in the 17th÷eCentury and settled in the South o f the country there were yellow-skinned÷ eHottentots and Bushmen living there and by and large relationships were÷ereason ably peaceful. The ancestors of the bla cks came from further north÷eand fought off on the whites until they were defeat ed in the middle of the÷e19th Century.÷e ÷eIn the middle of this century the syst em of apartheid was introduced with÷ethe intention of keeping the races apart Although some of those laws÷ehave been r epealed there are still restrictions|c
P7de CEEFAX 7DE Wed 2 Mar 21:01/05 |B2203203|a17Issufs7|i14TEXT|m36BA on ma ny aspects of life÷efor the blacks. The most significant result of the aparthei d laws was the÷esetting qp of black home landsN A mere 13% of thd country has be en÷eearmarked for the blacks to live inN Outside those areas the blacks are÷etr eated like foreigners.÷e÷eThe programme finishfs with a look to the future by fo rmer BBC South÷eAfrica correspondent Mic hael Buerk.÷e÷e÷e÷e÷e÷e÷e÷e÷e÷e÷e÷e M 1 -÷e÷d÷e |c